Physical Therapy Publications

Document Type

Article

Publication Date

4-1-2019

Journal

Developmental Medicine and Child Neurology

Volume

61

Issue

4

First Page

469

Last Page

476

URL with Digital Object Identifier

https://doi.org/10.1111/dmcn.14080

Abstract

AIM: First, to describe the impact of health conditions on daily activities over time in children with cerebral palsy (CP) and to create age-specific reference centiles. Second, to determine the amount of change typical over a 1-year period, across Gross Motor Function Classification System (GMFCS) levels.

METHOD: A prospective, cohort design, with five assessments over 2 years, involved 708 children with a confirmed diagnosis of CP participating in the On Track Study (396 males, 312 females; mean age 6y [SD 2y 7mo]; range 18mo-12y at first assessment; 32.1% in GMFCS level I, 22.7% in GMFCS level II, 11.2% in GMFCS level III, 18.2% in GMFCS level IV, 15.7% in GMFCS level V). The impact of health conditions on daily activities was assessed using the Child Health Conditions Questionnaire. Data were analyzed using mixed-effects models and quantile regression.

RESULTS: Linear longitudinal trajectories describe the relatively stable impact of health conditions over time for each functional level for children aged 2 years to 12 years, with the lowest scores (least impact) in GMFCS level I and the highest scores (highest impact) in GMFCS level V. Centiles were created for children in each GMFCS level. A system to interpret the magnitude of change over time in centiles was developed.

INTERPRETATION: Longitudinal trajectories of co-occurring health conditions assist with understanding children's prognoses. Centiles assist in understanding a child's experience relative to children in similar GMFCS levels. Guidelines are provided to determine if children are progressing 'as expected', 'better than expected' or 'more poorly than expected' in regard to the impact of health conditions on daily activities.

WHAT THIS PAPER ADDS: For children with cerebral palsy, the mean impact of health conditions on daily activities is relatively stable. Significant intraindividual and interindividual variability for the impact of health conditions exists, which complicates prognosis. Centiles enable interpretation of the impact of health conditions relative to Gross Motor Function Classification System level.

Notes

"This is the peer reviewed version of the following article: Bartlett DJ, Gorter JW, Jeffries L, Avery L, Hanna S, On Track Study Team (2019). Longitudinal trajectories and reference centiles for the impact of health conditions on daily activities for children with cerebral palsy. Developmental Medicine and Child Neurology, 61(4), 469-476, which has been published in final form at https://doi.org/10.1111/dmcn.14080. This article may be used for non-commercial purposes in accordance with Wiley Terms and Conditions for Use of Self-Archived Versions."

The On Track Study was funded by: The Canadian Institutes of Health Research, MOP-119276 and The Patient-Centered Outcomes Research Institute, CE-12-11-5321.

Available for download on Wednesday, April 01, 2020

Share

COinS