Document Type

Undergraduate Thesis

Publication Date

Spring 6-1-2019


Undergraduate Honours Theses


The Mozart Effect refers to the theory that exposure to classical music will make people more intelligent. The study explored whether the benefits of classic music extended to memory processes such as immediate word recall, while considering individual differences in extroversion and sensitivity to music reward. To test this, 56 first-year psychology students completed Eysenck’s Personality Inventory, the Barcelona Music Reward Questionnaire and a music experience questionnaire. Participants then were exposed to a three-minute Mozart excerpt that was either slow, regular or fast tempo, then completed an immediate recall task. A 2X2X3 ANOVA was conducted, a significant interaction effect was found for tempo X extraversion. No other significant main or interaction effects were found. Independent t-tests found low extraversion people performed significantly better after regular tempo than slow tempo music. Independent t-tests also found low extraversion people performed significantly better than high extraversion people after regular tempo music. Implications of the results are discussed.


Thesis Advisor(s): Dr. Mark Cole and Dr. Christine Tsang

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Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.

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