The uniqueness of Quebec in Canada, and its attempt to be in control of its own destiny, also applies to family policy. Specifically, Quebec family policies have helped to increase fertility rates, promote more favourable attitudes toward child care, led to more people using child care in Quebec than the rest of Canada, improved people’s satisfaction with child care, and allowed more women with young children to participate in paid work than the rest of Canada. However, the child development indicators have not progressed as positively in Quebec when compared to the rest of Canada. This suggests that universal programs may make it difficult to focus on helping disadvantaged children, who would most benefit from early child care.

Bibliographic Notes

This brief was prepared by Benjamin Higgins (Master’s student, Department of Sociology, University of Calgary).