Prenatal Diagnosis of Transposition of the Great Arteries Reduces Postnatal Mortality: A Population-Based Study.
The Canadian journal of cardiology
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BACKGROUND: Transposition of the great arteries (TGA) may present as a life-threatening neonatal malformation. Although prenatal detection facilitates the perinatal management, the impact on outcome is controversial.
METHODS: This study reviewed the differences in prenatal diagnosis of TGA from 2009 to 2014 among the 5 geographic areas in Ontario and compared the management, morbidity, and mortality among neonates with a prenatal (prenatal cohort; n = 70) vs a postnatal (postnatal cohort; n = 76) anomaly diagnosis. Cases were identified from prospective databases of the provincial cardiac tertiary centres and the coroner's office.
RESULTS: Prenatal TGA detection rates varied significantly among areas (median: 50%; range: 14% to 72%; P = 0.03). Compared with the postnatal cohort, time from birth to tertiary care admission (1.4 vs 10.4 hours, P < 0.001), prostaglandin therapy (0.1 vs 5.3 hours; P < 0.001), balloon atrial septostomy (5.3 vs 14.9 hours; P
CONCLUSIONS: Prenatal diagnosis of TGA significantly shortened time intervals from birth to neonatal care and surgery and was associated with improved survival. The prenatal detection rate of TGA in Ontario was low (50% or less) outside of Metropolitan Toronto, suggesting the need for new strategies to further improve intraprovincial detection rates.