Inhibition of decidual IGF-1 signaling in response to hypoxia and leucine deprivation is mediated by mTOR and AAR pathways and increased IGFBP-1 phosphorylation.
Molecular and cellular endocrinology
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Decidual mechanistic target of rapamycin (mTOR) is inhibited, amino acid response (AAR) and protein kinase CK2 are activated, and IGF (insulin-like growth factor) binding protein (IGFBP)-1 is hyperphosphorylated in human intrauterine growth restriction (IUGR). Using decidualized human immortalized endometrial stromal cells (HIESC), we hypothesized that hypoxia and leucine deprivation causing inhibition of decidual IGF-1 signaling is mediated by mTOR, AAR, CK2 and IGFBP-1 phosphorylation. Mass spectrometry demonstrated that hypoxia (1% O