Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Canada
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Background: Transvaginal ultrasound guided oocyte retrieval during in vitro fertilization is performed routinely around the world and has reduced the occurrence of intra-abdominal injury considerably over laparoscopic procedures. Despite this, injuries do occur. Case: We report a case of a 37-year-old patient who underwent IVF and encountered a ureteric injury during oocyte retrieval, which was recognized early and treated with ureteral stents with full resolution. During a subsequent IVF cycle, stenting of the ureters allowed better visualization, resulting in an uneventful retrieval and subsequent pregnancy. Conclusion: Ureteric injury can occur during transvaginal ultrasound guided egg retrieval. Prompt recognition is vital to successful treatment. Stenting of the ureters is the most common therapeutic modality and can be used in subsequent retrievals to identify the ureters.