Cold Spring Harbor Perspectives in Medicine
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Inherited genetic variations in pharmacogenetic loci are widely acknowledged as important determinants of phenotypic differences in drug response, and may be actionable in the clinic. However, recent studies suggest that a considerable number of novel rare variants in pharmacogenes likely contribute to a still unexplained fraction of the observed interindividual variability. Next-generation sequencing (NGS) represents a rapid, relatively inexpensive, large-scale DNA sequencing technology with potential relevance as a comprehensive pharmacogenetic genotyping platform to identify genetic variation related to drug therapy. However, many obstacles remain before the clinical use of NGS-based test results, including technical challenges, functional interpretation, and strict requirements for diagnostic tests. Advanced computational analyses, high-throughput screening methodologies, and generation of shared resources with cell-based and clinical information will facilitate the integration of NGS data into candidate genotyping approaches, likely enhancing future drug phenotype predictions in patients.