Paediatrics Publications

Title

Epidemiology of pediatric urolithiasis

Document Type

Conference Proceeding

Publication Date

10-1-2010

Journal

Indian Journal of Urology

Volume

26

Issue

4

First Page

516

Last Page

522

URL with Digital Object Identifier

10.4103/0970-1591.74450

Abstract

Pediatric urolithiasis has increased globally in the last few decades. There has been a change in the pattern of stone composition with an increase in the frequency of kidney stones and a decrease in bladder stones. The role of familial predisposition and environmental factors in pediatric urolithiasis is now better understood. Metabolic factors are more common in pediatric urolithiasis than in adult stone disease. This review updates on the epidemiology of pediatric urolithiasis with a focus on the changing trends in the stone disease, current spectrum of stone disease encountered in clinical practice, individual predisposition and the role of environmental factors in stone formation.

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