Obstetrics & Gynaecology Publications
Extramedullary plasmacytoma of the uterine cervix arising in an asymptomatic 46-year-old female
Gynecologic Oncology Reports
URL with Digital Object Identifier
An extramedullary plasmacytoma is a rare type of plasma cell tumour that can be found in soft tissues throughout the body. The most common location for an extramedullary plasmacytoma is in the head and neck region. Few case reports have previously documented patients with an extramedullary plasmacytoma within the female genital tract. We report a case of a healthy and asymptomatic 46-year-old female who presented to Colposcopy Clinic with a finding of low-grade squamous intraepithelial lesion seen on a routine Pap smear. She was found to have a cervical polyp that was excised. Pathology revealed diffuse sheets of atypical plasma cells with lambda light chain restriction. She was referred to Hematology for extensive work-up as the pathology finding was concerning for a plasma cell neoplasm. Staging investigations, including bone marrow biopsy, skeletal survey, whole body PET-CT scan, serum protein electrophoresis, and serum free light chain testing, were all negative. Surgical resection with a hysterectomy was recommended as the most appropriate course of management. The treatment approach is consistent with guidelines outlined in the literature, whereby extramedullary plasmacytomas, which arise outside of the head and neck region and have clear margins, should undergo surgical resection. Extramedullary plasmacytomas carry a risk of progressing to systemic disease, such as multiple myeloma, making it crucial that these patients be followed with routine surveillance to achieve the most optimal long term survival outcome.