Anatomy and embryology
Parathyroid hormone related protein (PTHrP) and its receptor have well-established roles in the development and regulation of many tissues, including bone and mammary gland. The objectives of this study were: (1) to characterize the distribution of mRNAs encoding parathyroid hormone (PTH)-related protein (PTHrP) and receptor (PTHR) in bovine ovary; (2) to characterize the distribution of PTHrP and PTHR polypeptides in bovine ovary; (3) to examine the influences of PTHrP (1-141) treatment during bovine oocyte maturation in vitro on blastocyst development. mRNAs encoding PTHrP and PTHR were detected by in situ hybridization methods in oocytes, and granulosa cells in all follicles from primordial to large antral. PTHrP and PTHR polypeptides displayed distinct distribution patterns with PTHrP polypeptides primarily confined to oocytes from primordial to large antral follicles. PTHrP polypeptides were detectable but at a reduced level in ovarian stroma and in granulosa and thecal layers. PTHR polypeptides were detected in oocytes of all follicular stages but were predominantly found in ovarian stroma, granulosa and theca follicular layers. Supplementation of serum-free cSOFMaa oocyte maturation medium with PTHrP (1-141) resulted in a concentration-dependent increase in development to the blastocyst stage in vitro. The results suggest that granulosa cells may be a primary site of PTHrP production and release. Oocytes from all follicular stages stained strongly for PTHrP polypeptides and PTHrP enhanced development to the blastocyst stage in vitro.