Work Setting, Community Attachment, and Satisfaction Among Rural and Remote Nurses
Public Health Nursing
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OBJECTIVES: To describe community satisfaction and attachment among rural and remote registered nurses (RNs) in Canada.
DESIGN AND SAMPLE: Cross-sectional survey of rural and remote RNs in Canada as part of a multimethod study.The sample consisted of a stratified random sample of RNs living in rural areas of the western country and the total population of RNs who worked in three northern regional areas and those in outpost settings. A subset of 3,331 rural and remote RNs who mainly worked in acute care, long-term care, community health, home care, and primary care comprised the sample.
MEASURES: The home community satisfaction scale measured community satisfaction, whereas single-item questions measured work community satisfaction and overall job satisfaction. Community variables were compared across practice areas using analysis of variance, whereas a thematic analysis was conducted of the open-ended questions.
RESULTS: Home care and community health RNs were significantly more satisfied with their work community than RNs from other practice areas. RNs who grew up in rural communities were more satisfied with their current home community. Four themes emerged from the open-ended responses that describe community satisfaction and community attachment.
CONCLUSIONS: Recruitment and retention strategies need to include mechanisms that focus on community satisfaction, which will enhance job satisfaction.