Use of adhesion counts to help predict symptomatic infection and the ability of fluoroquinolones to penetrate bacterial biofilms on the bladder cells of spinal cord injured patients
URL with Digital Object Identifier
Scanning and transmission electron microscopy of an antibiotic-treated infected urinary stone demonstrates a thick bacterial biofilm adhering to the surface of the stone. Cultures of the crushed calculi indicated the viability of the bacteria. Exopolysaccharide secreted by the bacteria develops a matrix or glycocalyx that appears to protect the biofilm forming sessile bacteria from antibiotics. © 1985.