Probiotic strategies for the treatment and prevention of bacterial vaginosis
Journal of Dentistry
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Objectives: The ability of three oral bacteria to adhere to hydrophobic amalgam (water contact angle 60 °) and hydrophobic resin composites (Prisma-AP.H 56 °, Herculite XRV 82 ° and Z100 89 °) was compared using an in vitro assay. Methods and results: Following preincubation of the materials with human saliva, X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy showed the surfaces to adsorb carbon and nitrogen-containing compounds in a conditioning film that appeared to block the detection of Na and others in 2100 resin, Hg and Ag in amalgam, Si and Zn in Prisma AP.H resin and Ag and Na in Herculite resin. The precoating of the substrata by a proteinaceous conditioning film led to decreased binding of viable cells of Streptococcus sanguis CH3, Streptococcus salivarius HB and Actinomyces viscosus WG as compared with the adhesion to bare composites. With and without salivary coating, there was a correlation between increased bacterial hydrophobicity and increased retention on the substrata. However, there was no statistical difference in binding to the amalgam compared with the resin composites. In vitro studies showed that the bacteria autoaggregated in the presence of saliva. Conclusion: The results indicate the potential ability of normal oral flora to colonize resin composite. © 1995.