Effect of Meswak (Middle Eastern Tree Bark) on oral pathogens and potential for probiotic applications
The Canadian journal of urology
OBJECTIVE: A multidisciplinary panel of experts from Canada and the United States was convened by the Ontario Neurotrauma Foundation (ONF) to establish research priorities in the area of urological care following spinal cord injury (SCI). Design: The panel reviewed a synthesis of published literature in five areas of urology, identified emerging opportunities in the private and public sector, and used a modified Delphi approach to reach consensus on priorities for funding. RESULTS: The panel recommendations included: clinical trials of the safety and efficacy of M3 receptor specific anti-muscarinic agents for bladder hyperactivity in SCI patients; development and testing of protocols for sacral nerve electrostimulation without sacral afferent neurectomy for management of micturition - including selective stimulation of sacral nerve fibers, high frequency blocking of the pudendal nerve to minimize the risk of urethral sphincter co-contraction and genital nerve stimulation for bladder inhibition and incontinence management; clinical trials of the efficacy and safety of intra-urethral valve catheters; trials of the efficacy of probiotics for bacterial interference i.e. to reduce colonization by uropathogens and manage the dual problems of infection and pathogen resistance to anti-microbials: innovations in the prevention or treatment of stone disease (ureteral, bladder and kidney). CONCLUSIONS: The recommendations form the strategic priorities of the ONF SCI grants program for Ontario-based investigators and their partnerships with out-of-province collaborators and organizations.