Date of Award
Major Research Paper
Master of Public Administration
This paper examines whether a meaningful public consultation process was used in the Solid Waste Management Marketplace Engagement Program (SWM-WEP) – later renamed Toronto’s Integrated Solid Waste Resource Management Process (TIRM) – based on case studies of the various meetings that took place throughout the process. The findings reveal that the public consultations that occurred in the SWM-WEP/TIRM cannot be characterized as a true dialogue because power was not transferred from bureaucrats and elected officials to the general population.
Ballantine, John, "Evaluating the Public Participation Methods Used in Toronto’s Integrated Solid Waste Resource Management Process" (2000). MPA Major Research Papers. 30.