Date of Award
Major Research Paper
Master of Public Administration
Ontario, Barrie, Belleville, Brockville, Cambridge, Cochrane, Cornwall, Dryden, Fort Frances, Ganaoque, Greater Sudbury, Hearst, Huntsville, Kapuskasing, Kenora, Kingston, Kitchener, London, Marathon, Markham, Mississauga, Niagara Falls, North Bay, Oakville, Orillia, Oshawa, Ottawa, Peterborough, Point Edward, Prince Edward, Quinte West, Red Lake, Sarnia, Sioux Lookout, South Bruce Peninsula, Stratford, Terrace Bay, Thunder Bay, Timmins, Toronto, Vaughan, Waterloo, Wellesley, Wilmot, Windsor, Woolwich
In recent years the Province of Ontario has enabled municipalities to adopt accommodation taxes as a revenue generating tool. There is an absence of data in Canada as to what this revenue is being utilized for. Most of the literature on the topic comes out of the United States and Europe, where hotel and accommodation taxes have been commonplace for many years, although a lot of the research focuses on the impacts of accommodation taxes on tourism. Hypothesising that the accommodation tax in Ontario is being utilized as a revenue-generating tool to offset other line items in municipal budgets, this paper examines municipalities in Ontario that have imposed an accommodation tax and the utilization of the funds generated. The research question being examined is what Ontario municipalities are doing with the Municipal Accommodation Tax (MAT) revenue that they have discretion over. This paper uses an inductive research strategy involving observation through various publicly available content, such as by-laws, staff reports, budget documents and meeting minutes to determine what municipalities are doing with the revenue from the MAT. The analysis reveals most municipalities in Ontario are allocating all, or at least part, of the revenue that they have discretion over to tourism initiatives.
Watts, Hayley, "Alternative Revenue Generation in Ontario Municipalities: The Utilization of Municipal Accommodation Tax (MAT)" (2021). MPA Major Research Papers. 222.