Document Type


Publication Date



Clinical autonomic research : official journal of the Clinical Autonomic Research Society

URL with Digital Object Identifier


PURPOSE: The compensatory mechanisms supporting cerebral perfusion throughout head-up tilt (HUT) in patients with vasovagal syncope (VVS) remain unclear. We tested the hypothesis that increased cerebrovascular compliance (Ci) and decreased cerebrovascular resistance (CVR) support cerebral blood velocity (CBV) during pre-syncope in VVS.

METHODS: Finger arterial blood pressure (ABP) and right middle cerebral artery blood velocity (CBV) were recorded in 15 individuals diagnosed with VVS (n = 11 female, mean age: 40 ± 16 years, mean body mass index: 24.9 ± 4.0 kg/m

RESULTS: Diastolic ABP, systolic ABP, mean ABP (72 ± 11 to 51 ± 12 mmHg), and CVR decreased progressively during presyncope (all P ≤ 0.04). As expected, systolic CBV was sustained (all P ≥ 0.29) while diastolic and mean CBV (51 ± 13 to 38 ± 13 mmHg) fell during presyncope (all P ≤ 0.04). Both Ci and Pi increased during presyncope (128 ± 97 and 60 ± 41%, respectively; all P ≤ 0.049) and were positively correlated (R

CONCLUSIONS: These data provide evidence that Ci increases during presyncope in patients with VVS and is likely involved in the maintenance of systolic CBV during a fall in diastolic CBV. However, this regulation is not sufficient to preserve CBV in the presence of such extreme and progressive reductions in ABP.

Available for download on Thursday, June 26, 2025

Find in your library

Included in

Kinesiology Commons