Effects of pharmacological adrenergic and vagal modulation on fractal heart rate dynamics.
Clinical physiology (Oxford, England)
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Breakdown of short-term fractal-like behaviour of HR indicates an increased risk for adverse cardiovascular events and mortality, but the pathophysiological background for altered fractal HR dynamics is not known. Our aim was to study the effects of pharmacological modulation of autonomic function on fractal correlation properties of heart rate (HR) variability in healthy subjects. Short-term fractal scaling exponent (alpha1) along with spectral components of HR variability were analysed during the following pharmacological interventions in healthy subjects: (i) noradrenaline (NE) infusion (n=22), (ii) NE infusion after phentolamine (PHE) (n=8), (iii) combined NE + adrenaline (EPI) infusion (n=12), (iv) vagal blockade with high dose of atropine (n=10), (v) and vagal activation by low dose of atropine (n=10). Then alpha1 decreased progressively during the incremental doses of NE (from 0.85 +/- 0.250 to 0.55 +/- 0.23, P