Title

Des Hommes et des citoyens: Paternalism and Masculinity on the Republican Right in Interwar France, 1919-1939

Document Type

Article

Publication Date

2008

Journal

Historical Reflections/Réflexions Historiques

Volume

34

Volume

2

First Page

88

Last Page

111

URL with Digital Object Identifier

10.3167/hrrh2008.340206

Abstract

"Des Hommes et des citoyens: Paternalism and Masculinity on the Republican Right in Interwar France, 1919-1939," explores the masculine ideals of France's three main right-of-centre republican parties during the interwar period: the Fédération républicaine, the Parti démocrate populaire, and the Alliance démocratique. These parties desired men to be determined, principled, inflexible, respectable, hard-working, selfless, paternalist, republican and nationalist, and to father as many legitimate children as possible. Moreover, a discourse of paternalism pervaded the republican right's rhetoric and ideology, thereby providing the basis for many of its policies, as well as an obstacle to those, including feminists, who wished to challenge the status quo. This paternalism was consonant with the parties' class position and commingled with a masculine conception of citizenship that underlay the parties' principles and obstructed proponents of women's suffrage.

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