This study examined the effects of vocal and non-vocal background music on the task performance of introverts and extraverts on a memorization task. Prior to the memorization task, participants (N = 38) completed Eysenck's Personality Inventory in order to determine introversion and extraversion. In the presence of either vocal or non-vocal music, participants memorized and recalled a 15-word list. The results did not support the hypothesis suggesting that extroverts would perform better on a task with vocal background music than introverts. Analysis was calculated using a 2X2 between-groups ANOVA design.
"The Effects of Vocal and Non-Vocal Background Music on the Task Performance of Introverts and Extraverts,"
The Huron University College Journal of Learning and Motivation: Vol. 48
, Article 2.
Available at: https://ir.lib.uwo.ca/hucjlm/vol48/iss1/2