The Huron University College Journal of Learning and Motivation

Article Title

The Relationship between Extraversion-Introversion on Memory Task Performance


Cydney Simpson


The current study examined the relationship between extraversion-introversion on memory task performance, specifically the recall of abstract versus concrete words. It was predicted that extroverts will perform better on this task as a result of the nature and conditions of the task. It was also predicted that participants would be better able to retain and recall concrete words as opposed to abstract words, because they are able to actually visualize the words. Past research is consistent with these predictions. It has been found that introverted individuals have higher cortical arousal levels thus enhancing memory consolidation and storage abilities (Cox-Fuenzalisa, Angie, Holloway, Sohl, 2006). They have better memory for the long term. Extroverted individuals have been known to have lower cortical arousal and they tend to have better short term memories (Cox-Fuenzalisa, Angie, Holloway, Sohl, 2006). Unfortunately the results obtained from this study did not support the hypotheses put forth by the researchers. This could be a result of several control and methodological issues. If the study was replicated with an improved design more accurate results and potential conclusions could be drawn.

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