Geography Publications

Title

Laboratory and Experimental Geomorphology

Document Type

Book Chapter

Publication Date

2013

Volume

1

Issue

Chapter 17

Journal

Treatise on Geomorphology

First Page

325

Last Page

348

URL with Digital Object Identifier

https://doi.org/10.1016/B978-0-12-374739-6.00017-8

Abstract

Experimental research has played an integral role in the development of foundational knowledge on which the physical sciences and engineering are based. Motivated by the control, precision, and reproducibility that it affords, as well as by its ability to adapt to the changing needs of the discipline, geomorphologists now embrace the utility of laboratory-based inquiry. The formative years for the use of hydraulic flumes, river modeling flumes, and wind tunnels are reviewed in this article, as these apparatuses and their appurtenant equipment provide unrivalled opportunities for education and research, commonly producing transformative results that have markedly improved the understanding of Earth surface processes. Laboratory-based geomorphology is entirely complementary to field- and numerical-based approaches.

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