Venture Capital Investment in the United States 1995-2002
The Industrial Geographer
This paper provides an empirical examination of the investments by venture capital firms for the period before, during and after the stock market bubble of 1999 and 2000. Comparisons are made between pre-bubble, bubble and post-bubble investment patterns by state for location, stage and industry of investment. Location quotients for investments by state and industry are displayed. States with large levels of investment show well-balanced investments across industries, while states with smaller totals do not. Median polish is applied to a four-way cross tabulation table of venture capital investments defined by state location of investment, industry of investment, year of investment and stage of investment. The parameter estimates show California as a location for investment is significantly different in scale, industry and stage of investment from other states. The investment bubble of 1999 and 2000 is found to have created different patterns of investment compared to those of the pre and post bubble periods.