Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository


Master of Science




Wong, Carol A.

2nd Supervisor

Oudshoorn, Abe



Nursing research over the past few decades has highlighted the issue of workplace bullying and its negative impacts on employees and healthcare organizations. Despite the increased awareness surrounding nursing workplace bullying, male nurses and their responses to bullying have not been a significant focus of study. Therefore, the purpose of this study was twofold: to examine the relationships among new graduate nurses’ structural empowerment, experience of workplace bullying, and their job turnover intention and to assess the relationships between sex and workplace bullying and job turnover intention. A secondary analysis of data collected from a random sample of 1008 Canadian new graduate nurses was conducted. Overall structural empowerment demonstrated negative associations with workplace bullying and job turnover intention. Workplace bullying was positively associated with job turnover intention. Structural empowerment mediated job turnover intention through workplace bullying. Male new graduate nurses reported higher workplace bullying than female new graduate nurses yet lower job turnover intentions. Findings of this study suggest structural empowerment may be utilized to reduce the prevalence of bullying and reduce job turnover intention consequently.