Doctor of Philosophy
Electrical and Computer Engineering
Polushin, Ilia G.
Patel, Rajni V.
The research presented in this thesis is aimed at development of new methods and techniques for stability analysis and stabilization of interconnections of nonlinear systems, in particular, in the presence of communication delays. Based on the conic systems' formalism, we extend the notion of conicity for the non-planar case where the dimension of the cone's central subspace may be greater than one. One of the advantages of the notion of non-planar conicity is that any dissipative system with a quadratic supply rate can be represented as a non-planar conic system; specifically, its central subspace and radius can be calculated using an algorithm developed in this thesis. For a feedback interconnection of two non-planar conic systems, a graph separation condition for finite-gain L2-stability is established in terms of central subspaces and radii of the subsystems' non-planar cones. Subsequently, a generalized version of the scattering transformation is developed which is applicable to non-planar conic systems. The transformation allows for rendering the dynamics of a non-planar conic system into a prescribed cone with compatible dimensions; the corresponding design algorithm is presented. The ability of the generalized scattering transformation to change the parameters of a system's cone can be used for stabilization of interconnections of non-planar conic systems. For interconnections without communication delays, stabilization is achieved through the design of a scattering transformation that guarantees the fulfilment of the graph separation stability condition. For interconnected systems with communication delays, scattering transformations are designed on both sides of communication channel in a way that guarantees the overall stability through fulfilment of the small gain stability condition. Application to stabilization of bilateral teleoperators with multiple heterogeneous communication delays is briefly discussed.
Next, the coupled stability problem is addressed based on the proposed scattering based stabilization techniques. The coupled stability problem is one of the most fundamental problems in robotics. It requires to guarantee stability of a controlled manipulator in contact with an environment whose dynamics are unknown, or at least not known precisely. We present a scattering-based design procedure that guarantees coupled stability while at the same time does not affect the robot's trajectory tracking performance in free space. A detailed design example is presented that demonstrates the capabilities of the scattering-based design approach, as well as its advantages in comparison with more conventional passivity-based approaches.
Finally, the generalized scattering-based technique is applied to the problem of stabilization of complex interconnections of dissipative systems with quadratic supply rates in the presence of multiple heterogeneous constant time delays. Our approach is to design local scattering transformations that guarantee the fulfilment of a multi-dimensional small-gain stability condition for the interconnected system. A numerical example is presented that illustrates the capabilities of the proposed design method.
Usova, Anastasiia, "Generalized Scattering-Based Stabilization of Nonlinear Interconnected Systems" (2018). Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository. 5821.