Master of Science
Sinclair, Brent J.
Gariepy, Tara D.
The invasive crop pest Halyomorpha halys has been established in Ontario since 2012 and poses a significant threat to Canadian agriculture. I investigated the tolerance of H. halys to three stressors - low temperatures, desiccation, and energy depletion - in addition to investigating the role of lab-induced diapause in enhancing stress tolerance. Overwintering H. halys depress their supercooling point to -15.4 °C and LT50 to -17.5 °C after acute (1 h) exposure, however they do not encounter these temperatures while overwintering indoors. Moreover, overwintering H. halys maintain their water balance through a reduction of water loss rates, while conserving energy stores (lipids and carbohydrates). This is consistent with lab-reared-diapausing H. halys who exhibit reduced water loss rates and temperature-independent metabolic suppression relative to non-diapausing adults, suggesting that diapause enhances desiccation resistance and energy conservation. Thus, H. halys are likely to persist in Ontario barring any significant changes in overwintering conditions.
Ciancio, John, "Overwintering biology of the brown marmorated stink bug, Halyomorpha halys (Hemiptera: Pentatomidae)" (2018). Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository. 5813.