Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository


Master of Engineering Science


Biomedical Engineering


Trejos, Ana Luisa

2nd Supervisor

Patel, Rajni V.


Minimally invasive surgery has been limited from its inception by insufficient haptic feedback to surgeons. The loss of haptic information threatens patients safety and results in longer operation times. To address this problem, various force sensing systems have been developed to provide information about tool–tissue interaction forces. However, the provided results for axial and grasping forces have been inaccurate in most of these studies due to considerable amount of error and uncertainty in their force acquisition method. Furthermore, sterilizability of the sensorized instruments plays a pivotal role in accurate measurement of forces inside a patient's body. Therefore, the objective of this thesis was to develop a sterilizable needle-driver type grasper using fibre Bragg gratings. In order to measure more accurate and reliable tool–tissue interaction forces, optical force sensors were integrated in the grasper jaw to measure axial and grasping forces directly at their exertion point on the tool tip. Two sets of sensor prototypes were developed to prove the feasibility of proposed concept. Implementation of this concept into a needle-driver instrument resulted in the final proposed model of the sensorized laparoscopic instrument. Fibre Bragg gratings were used for measuring forces due to their many advantages for this application such as small size, sterilizability and high sensitivity. Visual force feedback was provided for users based on the acquired real-time force data. Improvement and consideration points related to the current work were identified and potential areas to continue this project in the future are discussed.