Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository


Master of Engineering Science


Biomedical Engineering


Fenster, Aaron


Permanent breast seed implantation (PBSI) is a promising breast radiotherapy technique that suffers from operator dependence. We propose and have developed an intraoperative 3D ultrasound (US) guidance system for PBSI.

A tracking arm mounted to a 3D US scanner registers a needle template to the image. Images were validated for linear and volumetric accuracy, and image quality in a volunteer. The tracking arm was calibrated, and the 3D image registered to the scanner. Tracked and imaged needle positions were compared to assess accuracy and a patient-specific phantom procedure guided with the system.

Median/mean linear and volumetric error was ±1.1% and ±4.1%, respectively, with clinically suitable volunteer scans. Mean tracking arm error was 0.43mm and 3D US target registration error ≤0.87mm. Mean needle tip/trajectory error was 2.46mm/1.55°. Modelled mean phantom procedure seed displacement was 2.50mm. To our knowledge, this is the first reported PBSI phantom procedure with intraoperative 3D image guidance.

Available for download on Friday, June 15, 2018