Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository


Master of Engineering Science


Biomedical Engineering


Fenster, Aaron


Permanent breast seed implantation (PBSI) is a promising breast radiotherapy technique that suffers from operator dependence. We propose and have developed an intraoperative 3D ultrasound (US) guidance system for PBSI.

A tracking arm mounted to a 3D US scanner registers a needle template to the image. Images were validated for linear and volumetric accuracy, and image quality in a volunteer. The tracking arm was calibrated, and the 3D image registered to the scanner. Tracked and imaged needle positions were compared to assess accuracy and a patient-specific phantom procedure guided with the system.

Median/mean linear and volumetric error was ±1.1% and ±4.1%, respectively, with clinically suitable volunteer scans. Mean tracking arm error was 0.43mm and 3D US target registration error ≤0.87mm. Mean needle tip/trajectory error was 2.46mm/1.55°. Modelled mean phantom procedure seed displacement was 2.50mm. To our knowledge, this is the first reported PBSI phantom procedure with intraoperative 3D image guidance.