Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository


Master of Arts




Dr. Lisa Hodgetts

2nd Supervisor

Dr. Jean-Francois Millaire

Joint Supervisor


This thesis is a zooarchaeological study examining the entangled nature of human-animal relations within processes of food production, preparation, and consumption at Huaca Santa Clara and Huaca Gallinazo in the Virú Valley, North Coast of Peru. It assesses how the consumption of animal products influenced social differentiation and identities during early state development in the Early Intermediate Period (200B.C.E – 800 C.E.). This thesis takes a social zooarchaeological approach and utilizes the framework of relational ontology to emphasize the social and symbolic roles of animals. Faunal remains suggest that individuals at Huaca Santa Clara had comparatively equal access to animal foods in both Administrative and Residential Sectors, while at Huaca Gallinazo differences are visible between the Southern Platform and Architectural Compound 2. Occupants of Huaca Gallinazo were focused more heavily on exploiting marine resources due to the site’s coastal location, while those inland at Huaca Santa Clara emphasized terrestrial faunal resources.