Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository


Master of Engineering Science


Biomedical Engineering


Aaron Fenster


Current methods of accurate soft tissue injections in small animals are prone to many sources of error. Although efforts have been made to improve the accuracy of needle deliveries, none of the efforts have provided accurate soft tissue references. An MR image-guided robot was designed to function inside the bore of a 9.4T MR scanner to accurately deliver needles to locations within the mouse brain. The robot was designed to have no noticeable negative effects on the image quality and was localized in the MR images through the use of an MR image visible fiducial. The robot was mechanically calibrated and subsequently validated in an image-guided phantom experiment, where the mean needle targeting accuracy and needle trajectory accuracy were calculated to be 178 ± 54µm and 0.27 ± 0.65º, respectively. Finally, the device successfully demonstrated an image-guided needle targeting procedure in situ.