Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository


Master of Arts




Dr. Peter Jaffe


This study examined 132 domestic homicide cases to determine whether there were differences in domestic homicide risk factors between rural and urban areas in Ontario. Previous research found that rural areas are unique in terms of culture, attitudes, and resources, and fewer resources are available to support victims of domestic violence. However, no research has examined domestic homicide in rural Ontario. Data for this study was provided by the Domestic Violence Death Review Committee through the Chief Coroner of Ontario. A focus on separation between intimate partners, excessive alcohol/drug use, firearms, and risk management plans was taken. Results indicate that rural perpetrators were significantly more likely to have access to a firearm and to use that firearm to kill their intimate partner. Additionally, separation between intimate partners was significantly more common in urban cases of domestic homicide, and urban perpetrators were more likely to exhibit obsessive behaviour and sexual jealousy. This study offers several implications and recommendations to policy makers, police, support services, families, neighbours, and friends, and suggests future areas of research.