Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository


Doctor of Philosophy


Electrical and Computer Engineering


Dr A. Dounavis


Advanced in the fabrication technology of integrated circuits (ICs) over the last couple of years has resulted in an unparalleled expansion of the functionality of microelectronic systems. Today’s ICs feature complex deep-submicron mixed-signal designs and have found numerous applications in industry due to their lower manufacturing costs and higher performance levels. The tendency towards smaller feature sizes and increasing clock rates is placing higher demands on signal integrity design by highlighting previously negligible interconnect effects such as distortion, reflection, ringing, delay, and crosstalk. These effects if not predicted in the early stages of the design cycle can severely degrade circuit performance and reliability.

The objective of this thesis is to develop new model order reduction (MOR) techniques to minimize the computational complexity of non-linear circuits and electronic systems that have delay elements. MOR techniques provide a mechanism to generate reduced order models from the detailed description of the original modified nodal analysis (MNA) formulation.

The following contributions are made in this thesis:

1. The first project presents a methodology for reduction of Partial Element Equivalent Circuit (PEEC) models. PEEC method is widely used in electromagnetic compatibility and signal integrity problems in both the time and frequency domains. The PEEC model with retardation has been applied to 3-D analysis but often result in large and dense matrices, which are computationally expensive to solve. In this thesis, a new moment matching technique based on Multi-order Arnoldi is described to model PEEC networks with retardation.

2. The second project deals with developing an efficient model order reduction algorithm for simulating large interconnect networks with nonlinear elements. The proposed methodology is based on a multidimensional subspace method and uses constraint equations to link the nonlinear elements and biasing sources to the reduced order model. This approach significantly improves the simulation time of distributed nonlinear systems, since additional ports are not required to link the nonlinear elements to the reduced order model, yielding appreciable savings in the size of the reduced order model and computational time.

3. A parameterized reduction technique for nonlinear systems is presented. The proposed method uses multidimensional subspace and variational analysis to capture the variances of design parameters and approximates the weakly nonlinear functions as a Taylor series. An SVD approach is presented to address the efficiency of reduced order model. The proposed methodology significantly improves the simulation time of weakly nonlinear systems since the size of the reduced system is smaller than the original system and a new reduced model is not required each time a design parameter is changed.