Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository


Doctor of Philosophy


Statistics and Actuarial Sciences


Dr. Reg J. Kulperger

2nd Supervisor

Dr. Hao Yu

Joint Supervisor


Generalized autoregressive conditional heteroscedasticity (GARCH) models are widely used in financial markets. Parameters of GARCH models are usually estimated by the quasi-maximum likelihood estimator (QMLE). In recent years, economic theory often implies equilibrium between the levels of time series, which makes the application of multivariate models a necessity. Unfortunately the asymptotic theory of the multivariate GARCH models is far from coherent since many algorithms on the univariate case do not extend to multivariate models naturally. This thesis studies the asymptotic theory of the QMLE under mild conditions. We give some counterexamples for the parameter identifiability result in Jeantheau [1998] and provide a better necessary and sufficient condition. We prove the ergodicity of the conditional variance process on an application of theorems by Meyn and Tweedie [2009]. Under those conditions, the consistency and asymptotic normality of the QMLE can be proved by the standard compactness argument and Taylor expansion of the score function. We also give numeric example on verifying the assumptions and the scaling issue when estimating GARCH parameters in S+ FinMetrics.