Electrical and Computer Engineering Publications

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Sensors (Switzerland)

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Wearable robotic braces have the potential to improve rehabilitative therapies for patients suffering from musculoskeletal (MSK) conditions. Ideally, a quantitative assessment of health would be incorporated into rehabilitative devices to monitor patient recovery. The purpose of this work is to develop a model to distinguish between the healthy and injured arms of elbow trauma patients based on electromyography (EMG) data. Surface EMG recordings were collected from the healthy and injured limbs of 30 elbow trauma patients while performing 10 upper-limb motions. Forty-two features and five feature sets were extracted from the data. Feature selection was performed to improve the class separation and to reduce the computational complexity of the feature sets. The following classifiers were tested: linear discriminant analysis (LDA), support vector machine (SVM), and random forest (RF). The classifiers were used to distinguish between two levels of health: healthy and injured (50% baseline accuracy rate). Maximum fractal length (MFL), myopulse percentage rate (MYOP), power spectrum ratio (PSR) and spike shape analysis features were identified as the best features for classifying elbow muscle health. A majority vote of the LDA classification models provided a cross-validation accuracy of 82.1%. The work described in this paper indicates that it is possible to discern between healthy and injured limbs of patients with MSK elbow injuries. Further assessment and optimization could improve the consistency and accuracy of the classification models. This work is the first of its kind to identify EMG metrics for muscle health assessment by wearable rehabilitative devices.