Date of Award


Degree Type


Degree Name

Doctor of Philosophy




Dr. Suzanne Majhanovich


This study investigated the dynamics of adult Iranians’ social interactions in Canada. The purpose was to identify social and cultural factors that improve or block speaking opportunities for adult Iranian immigrants. Eight Iranians, five men and three women, who had spent their adulthood in Iran, accepted invitations to participate in this study. They were interviewed for their processes of English language learning and their social interactions in Canada. The interviews were conceptualized for themes using the principles of grounded theory methodology. The analysis demonstrated that adult Iranians faced various challenges in their social interactions in Canada. Over-monitoring of grammar and pronunciation impediments turned out to be their main linguistic challenges. Opportunities for speaking with Canadians and cultural factors such as gender issues, religious background and personal background were the other factors emerging out of data analysis as influencing their social interactions.



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