Date of Award


Degree Type


Degree Name

Master of Science




X. Chen

Second Advisor

B. Morton


The purpose of this study was to examine parenting attitudes and their relations with social, school, and psychological adjustment in Chinese urban and rural-migrant children. A sample of 162 urban children and 221 rural-migrant children from grade 3 to grade 6 and their parents participated in the study. Data on children’s social, school, and psychological adjustment were collected from multiple sources. Information concerning paternal and maternal childrearing attitudes was obtained from parents’ self-reports. It was found that urban parents reported higher parental warmth and encouragement of independence and lower parental power assertion than rural-migrant parents, after controlling for family income and parents’ educational levels. Regression analyses revealed significant group by parenting interaction effects. Maternal warmth was positively associated with peer preference, social competence, and school status, and paternal encouragement of sociability was positively associated with social competence in the urban group; these associations were not significant in the rural-migrant group. The results were discussed in terms of the influence of socioeconomic changes on socialization goals and values.



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