Marginal adaptation of CAD-CAM onlays: Influence of preparation design and impression technique.
The Journal of prosthetic dentistry
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STATEMENT OF PROBLEM: Factors that may affect the marginal adaptation of computer-aided design and computer-aided manufacturing (CAD-CAM) restorations include preparation design, impression technique, and CAD-CAM system. The influence of impression technique and preparation design on CAD-CAM partial coverage restorations has not been fully addressed.
PURPOSE: The purpose of this in vitro study was to investigate the influence of direct and indirect digital scanning techniques and 2 preparation designs on the marginal adaptation of CAD-CAM onlays.
MATERIAL AND METHODS: Two mesio-occlusal buccal onlay preparations with reduction of the mesiobuccal cusp were made: conventional preparation (CP) with a 1.2-mm modified shoulder margin and modified preparation (MP) flat cuspal reduction without shoulder. Virtual models were generated from each preparation by using a digital scanner (BlueCam; Dentsply Sirona) from the plastic teeth (direct digital scan) or from the stone dies (indirect digital scan). Onlays were designed using a CAD-CAM system (CEREC 4.0; Dentsply Sirona), and nanoceramic resin blocks (Lava Ultimate Restorative; 3M ESPE) were milled using the CEREC MCX milling machine. Marginal discrepancy was evaluated using an optical stereomicroscope at ×25 magnification in 18 locations distributed along the margins of the preparation. The data were analyzed by using 3-way ANOVA followed by the Tukey HSD test (α=.05).
RESULTS: CP presented a statistically significant reduced average marginal adaptation (59 ±50 μm) than did MP (69 ±58 μm) (P
CONCLUSIONS: The results showed that conventional preparation with a modified shoulder margin presented improved marginal adaptation compared with modified preparation with flat cuspal reduction. Direct and indirect digital scanning techniques produced restorations within a clinically acceptable range; however, the indirect scanning technique resulted in the fabrication of restorations with superior marginal adaptation on the buccal location.