Carole Vincent


Two of the most important socioeconomic changes over the last few decades are the massive influx of women into the workforce and the remarkable progress that they have made in educational attainment. In spite of these developments, women still earn less than men. Why is it the case?
Is it because women are overrepresented in professions that are at the lower end of the pay scale? Because they place a greater value on non-pecuniary aspects of a job? Because they have greater family responsibilities? Or yet again, because of gender stereotypes in the workplace?
The evidence resulting from an important body of Canadian research using microdata from several surveys conducted by Statistics Canada shed light on these questions and help us better understand the evolution and the persistence of the gender wage gap in Canada.