Civil and Environmental Engineering Publications

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Composite Structures



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Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works 4.0 License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works 4.0 License.


Corrosion of steel rebars is known to cause deterioration of concrete structures that can lead to catastrophic failures. To mitigate this problem, steel rebars can be replaced with Glass Fiber-Reinforced Polymer (GFRP) rebars. However, the lack of ductility of GFRP-reinforced elements has prevented their use in many structural applications, especially in seismic areas. Stainless Steel (SS) rebars are corrosion resistant and have adequate energy absorption and ductility. However, they are much more expensive than steel rebars. This paper proposes the combined use of SS and GFRP rebars to achieve ductile and corrosion-free elements. The first challenge for such a proposal relates to designing SS-GFRP reinforced concrete frame with adequate lateral performance in terms of initial stiffness, ductility, and strength. Design equations, which are based on a comprehensive parametric study, are developed to allow designing such a frame. A six-storey concrete frame is then designed using the proposed equations and its lateral performance is examined using pushover analysis.

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