Angewandte Chemie International Edition
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The stability of molecular radicals containing main‐group elements usually hinges on the presence of bulky substituents that shield the reactive radical center. We describe a family of group‐14 formazanate complexes whose chemical reduction allows access to radicals that are stabilized instead by geometric and electron‐delocalization effects, specifically by the square‐pyramidal geometry adopted by the group‐14 atom (Si, Ge, Sn) within the framework of the heteroatom‐rich formazanate ligands. The reduction potentials of the Si, Ge, and Sn complexes as determined by cyclic voltammetry become more negative in that order. Examination of the solid‐state structures of these complexes suggested that their electron‐accepting ability decreases with increasing group‐14 atom size because a larger central atom increases the nonplanarity of the ligand‐based conjugated π‐electron system of the complex. The experimental findings were supported by density‐functional calculations on the parent complexes and the corresponding radicals.
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