Title

The role of lexical expertise in reading homophones.

Document Type

Article

Publication Date

1-1-2016

Journal

Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology

Volume

69

Issue

7

First Page

1302

Last Page

1321

URL with Digital Object Identifier

10.1080/17470218.2015.1062528

Abstract

In Experiment 1, university students classified on lexical expertise on the basis of spelling plus nonword pronunciation accuracy made lexical decisions to homophones and control words. Homophones were accepted as words more slowly than control words, but lexical experts showed a smaller homophone cost than the less skilled group. In Experiment 2, similarly classified groups showed a large difference in their ability to detect homophones, with the low-expertise group showing a yes bias to high-frequency words, and having difficulty detecting homophones when mate-frequency was low. The results suggest superior use of orthography in the lexical experts and more reliance on semantic information in nonexperts, and support the importance of facility with orthography-phonology mappings in lexical expertise.

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