URL with Digital Object Identifier
© The Author(s) 2019. Many research studies have evaluated the effects of whole-body vibration exercise on muscular strength, standing balance, and bone density, but relatively few reports have evaluated safety issues for vibration exercises. Knee flexion reduces acceleration transmission to the head during static exercise. However, few studies have evaluated dynamic exercises. The purpose of this investigation was to evaluate the transmission of acceleration to the head during dynamic squats. Twelve participants performed dynamic squats (0°-40° of knee flexion) on a synchronous vertical whole-body vibration platform. Platform frequencies from 20 to 50 Hz were tested at a peak-to-peak nominal displacement setting of 1 mm. Transmissibilities from the platform to head varied depending on platform frequency and knee flexion angle. We observed amplification during 20 and 25 Hz platform vibration when knee flexion was <20°. Vibration from exercise platforms can be amplified as it is transmitted through the body to the head during dynamic squats. Similarly, this vibration energy contributes to observed injuries such as retinal detachment. It is recommended that knee flexion angles of at least 20° and vibration frequencies above 30 Hz are used when performing dynamic squat exercises with whole-body vibration.