Lung morphometry using hyperpolarized (129) Xe apparent diffusion coefficient anisotropy in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease

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Magnetic Resonance in Medicine





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PURPOSE: The goal of this work was to investigate lung morphological changes associated with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) using hyperpolarized (129) Xe diffusion-weighted MRI.

METHODS: Hyperpolarized (129) Xe MRI was performed at three different nonzero diffusion sensitizations (b-value = 12, 20, and 30 s/cm(2) ) in the lungs of four subjects with COPD and four healthy volunteers. The image signal intensities were fit as a function of b-value to obtain anisotropic diffusion coefficient maps for all subjects. The image signal intensities were also fit to a morphological model allowing extraction of length scales associated with the terminal airways: external radius (R), internal radius (r), mean airspace chord length (Lm ), and depth of alveolar sleeve (h).

RESULTS: Longitudinal (DL ) and transverse (DT ) anisotropic diffusion coefficients were both significantly increased (both P= 0.004) in the COPD subjects (0.102 ± 0.02 cm(2) /s and 0.072 ± 0.02 cm(2) /s, respectively) compared with the healthy subjects (0.083 ± 0.011 cm(2) /s and 0.046 ± 0.017 cm(2) /s, respectively). Significant morphological differences were observed between the COPD subjects and healthy volunteers, specifically decreases in h (68 ± 36 µm vs. 95 ± 710 µm, respectively, P = 0.019) and increases in Lm (352 ± 57 µm vs. 253 ± 37 µm, respectively, P = 0.002) consistent with values obtained previously using hyperpolarized (3) He MRI in similar subjects.

CONCLUSIONS: Diffusion-weighted hyperpolarized (129) Xe MRI is a promising technique for mapping changes in human lung morphology and may be useful for early detection of emphysema associated with COPD.


This is the peer reviewed version of the following article: A Ouriadov, A Farag, M Kirby, DG McCormack, G Parraga & GE Santyr (2013). Lung morphometry using hyperpolarized (129)Xe apparent diffusion coefficient anisotropy in chonic obstructive pulmonary disease. Magn Reson Med. 70(6): 1699-1706, which has been published in final form at https://doi.org/10.1002/mrm.24595. This article may be used for non-commercial purposes in accordance with Wiley Terms and Conditions for Use of Self-Archived Versions.

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Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial 4.0 License
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