Anatomy and Cell Biology Publications

Document Type

Article

Publication Date

4-2013

Journal

CANADIAN JOURNAL OF CARDIOLOGY

Volume

29

Issue

4

First Page

434

Last Page

440

URL with Digital Object Identifier

10.1016/j.cjca.2012.04.012

Abstract

Background: Aortic root enlargement (ARE) procedures are believed to allow implantation of larger valve prostheses; however, little evidence exists to support the specific efficacy of various techniques. Methods: Using a cadaveric model, 20 adult (72.4 +/- 15.3 years) hearts were stratified into 4 groups based on annular diameter: <20 mm, 20-22 mm, 22-24 mm, and >24 mm. Each heart underwent an aortic valve replacement following a Nicks, Manougian, aortoventriculoplasty and modified Bentall procedure, with appropriate reversals between procedures. Results: All 4 groups experienced similar increases in annular diameter (P = 0.43) and prosthesis size implanted (P = 0.51) with each enlargement technique. The Nicks, Manougian, modified Bentall and aortoventriculoplasty procedures enlarged the annulus by 0.43 +/- 0.45 mm, 3.63 +/- 0.95 mm, 0.78 +/- 0.65 mm, and 6.08 +/- 1.19 mm, respectively (P < 0.001). No significant change in prosthesis size was observed after the Nicks procedure (P = not significant). Increases of 1.3 +/- 0.5, 1.3 +/- 0.5, and 2.7 +/- 0.6 prosthesis sizes were achieved with the Manougian, modified Bentall and aortoventriculoplasty techniques respectively (P < 0.001). Conclusions: ARE procedures appear equally efficacious in both small and larger aortic roots. Although all 4 ARE techniques increased the annular diameter, only the Manougian, modified Bentall and aortoventriculoplasty procedures allowed for the implantation of a larger prosthetic valve. The Nicks procedure, which is likely the most commonly performed ARE, does not allow for the implantation of a larger prosthesis. Surgeon preference and patient factors may help in selecting the most appropriate ARE technique, as the modified Bentall and Manougian procedures achieved similar increases in valve size.

Notes

This is a draft of the Author-Accepted Manuscript.

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