Title

The Prevalence, Distribution, and Effect of Pain Among Adolescents with Cerebral Palsy

Document Type

Article

Publication Date

Spring 2010

Journal

Pediatric Physical Therapy

Volume

22

Issue

1

First Page

26

Last Page

33

URL with Digital Object Identifier

http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/PEP.0b013e3181ccbabb

Abstract

PURPOSE:: To describe the prevalence, distribution, and intensity of pain and determine the relationship between pain intensity and effect on daily activities in adolescents with cerebral palsy.

METHODS:: A sample of 104 girls and 126 boys, mean ages 14.7 (SD = 1.7) and 14.8 (SD = 1.7) years, were asked "Have you experienced physical pain in the past month?"

RESULTS:: Sixty-four percent of girls and 50% of boys reported pain. Pain was most frequent in the feet and ankles, knees, and lower back of girls and boys at Gross Motor Function Classification System levels I to IV. Foot and ankle and knee pain were also frequent at level V. The Spearman rho value between intensity and effect on daily activities was 0.75 (p < 0.01) and 0.82 (p < 0.01) for girls and boys.

CONCLUSIONS:: The high prevalence of pain and its effect on daily activities suggests a need for greater focus on health promotion.