Title

Proneness to Distress and Ambivalent Relationships

Document Type

Article

Publication Date

1998

Journal

Infant Behavior and Development

Volume

21

Issue

3

First Page

493

Last Page

503

Abstract

Mothers of preterm and full term infants completed Abidin's Parenting Stress Index at 8 months, Waters' Attachment Behavior Q-sort at 12 months, and Bates' Infant Characteristics Questionnaire at 18 months. These instruments provided assessments of fussy and difficult infant behaviors that were moderately stable over the 10 months (r's> .48). On the basis of home observations at 12 months, the infant-mother relationships were classified as secure, avoidant and ambivalent. Cassidy has proposed that infants in ambivalent relationships may have poor affect regulation. Consistent with Cassidy's view, mothers in ambivalent relationships reported more fussy and difficult infant behavior at each age than did mothers in secure or avoidant relationships. Mothers of preterm infants reported higher scores on the Child Domain of the Parenting Stress Index than mothers of full term infants. The birth groups did not differ on the 12- and 18-month assessments.

Notes

Published in: Infant Behavior and Development, Volume 21, Issue 3, 1998, Pages 493-503. doi: 10.1016/S0163-6383(98)90022-4