Discussion Paper no. 02-08


This paper speaks especially to the family dimensions of equal opportunity. Defining families through the activities of earning and caring, I first consider family change along with explanations based on structural and cultural factors. I then make the case that equal opportunity by gender has progressed considerably in education, while there are persistent inequalities in unpaid work, and the inequalities in paid work can often be related to those in unpaid work. By focussing on family models and the world of work, we see that various models co-exist, but that several policies are based on the breadwinner model. The paper finishes with reflections on policy that would de-link gender and caring.