Discussion Paper no. 02-05


This paper looks at the impact of community and family characteristics on the timing of early life transitions of Canadians born in 1971-75. Effects on the timing of school completion, start of regular work, and home-leaving are examined using a data set that merged the 1995 General Social Survey of the Family with data derived from the enumeration areas of the 1996 Census. Event history techniques of analysis are used to examine timing and trajectories of transition and how they are affected by families and communities. The results show that family and community-level characteristics indicative of availability of material resources, opportunities, and social capital have significant effect on the timing of transition to adulthood, mainly through longer period of education. Family social capital also affects start of regular work and leaving the parental home.