This paper takes advantage of the insights from the culminating conference of the Population Change and Lifecourse Strategic Knowledge Cluster (PCLC), a collaborative network of academic researchers and policy people, in partnership with a number of Canadian federal agencies. The PCLC focused on strategic issues regarding population change, and on research that takes a life course perspective, with the central objective of sharing the associated knowledge.

We first summarize and note some important observations from the Conference sessions that were dedicated to “taking stock”, specifically on: Aging and paid work; Health over the life course; Immigrants and migrants; Population composition: Aboriginal and Visible Minorities; Caregiving and social participation; Families; and Aging, lifelong learning and life course flexibility. The summary points to the need to pay attention to various sub-groups as we adapt to changing population; and, that attention to life course enables analysis of how given groups are more vulnerable than others.

Based not only on the presentations at the conference, we finish with reflections on future considerations in terms of (1) strategic issues, (2) data issues, and (3) collaborative structures that would support a continuation of the interface of research, data, policy, and partnerships.