Document Type

Article

Publication Date

12-1-2011

Journal

Psychological Reports

Volume

109

Issue

3

First Page

940

Last Page

948

URL with Digital Object Identifier

https://doi.org/10.2466/09.10.21.PR0.109.6.940-948

Abstract

A significant amount of research in attachment theory has been devoted to factors affecting academic achievement, but less attention has been given to the role of attachment in the relation between academic achievement and achievement motivation. The current preliminary study examined the role of perceived parental attachment in achievement motivation. Self-report data obtained from the Parental Attachment Questionnaire, Achievement Goals Questionnaire, and the Performance Failure Appraisal Inventory were collected from 50 university students with a mean age of 18.8 yr. Correlation and regression analyses indicated that parental facilitation of independence correlated significantly and negatively with fear of failure. Results yielded partial support for the hypothesis that performance-oriented goals are related to a fear of failure, whereas mastery-oriented goals are not. The results also suggest that high parental attachment in the case of high-frequency religious practitioners is related to an increased chance of acquiring a more avoidance-oriented achievement motivation.

Notes

This paper was published as: Bal, M. & Barušs, I., Perceived parental attachment and achievement motivations, Psychological Reports (109, 3) pp. 940-948. Copyright © 2011 (SAGE Publications). Reprinted by permission of SAGE Publications. https://doi.org/10.2466/09.10.21.PR0.109.6.940-948


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